I am a philosopher, working in early modern philosophy and classical Islamic philosophy. I am primarily interested in philosophical systems, focusing on the intriguing points at which ethics, philosophy of mind, epistemology, and metaphysics interact. Currently, I spend much of my time thinking about four philosophers: Descartes, Leibniz, Ibn Rushd and al-Ghazali.


I am an Assistant Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Coastal Carolina University.


I received my Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Illinois at Chicago.


Cartesian Imperativism, with Joseph Gottlieb

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly (2018)

penultimate draft | published version

Generosity, the Cogito, and the Fourth Meditation​

Res Philosophica (2016)

penultimate draft | published version

PAPERS IN PROGRESS  (Email for Drafts) 

A paper on Ibn Rushd's Decisive Treatise 

A paper on color in Descartes, with Joseph Gottlieb

A paper on deception in Descartes, with Joseph Gottlieb​

A paper on Cartesian scientia​ 

A paper on skepticism in al-Ghazali and Descartes 

A paper on the unity of the virtues in Descartes 

RECENT TEACHING​ (Email for Syllabi) 

Special Studies Seminar: Islamic Philosophy

Special Studies Seminar: Islamic & Jewish Political Philosophy


Philosophy and Persons